Leonhard Rauwolf: Sixteenth-Century Physician, Botanist and

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Because they lack a permanent “address,” they are often difficult to tax, formally educate, or enroll in military service. Moreover, these marine shales and marls contained oil-prone kerogen types I (protein/lipid-rich algal organic matter) and II (lipid-rich but with lower hydrogen-to-carbon ratios). Egypt’s needs are threatened by planned projects in the upper-basin states of the Nile River. There is even a saying, "Everything is in the Mahâbhârata."

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Jabotinsky: A Life (Jewish Lives)

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S. involvement, which_in most cases_has been far from positive: the Iran hostage crisis of 1979-1981, the Persian Gulf War of 1990-1991, and the U. By the 1830s British transport from the eastern Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean occurred along two main routes: the first stretched from the Syrian Desert, down the Euphrates River, and into the Persian Gulf; the second, which became increasingly important as the nineteenth century progressed, crossed the isthmus of Suez into the Red Sea.

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Even After All This Time: A Story of Love, Revolution, and

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A peace treaty was to be hammered out later, something which the Arab countries subsequently refused to do, since they still intended to retake the territory of Israel when the occasion presented itself. He added: "It increased our unemployment and conributed to the deepest recession we have had in the post war period." As a result of the popular resistance, the villages of Budrus and Bil‘in, which became internationally renowned due to award-winning documentary films about their struggle, as well as several other villages, regained some of the lands that had been confiscated for construction of the separation barrier.

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The Shah

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More than just a driver, Green was an advisor and teacher, sharing with passengers his knowledge of southwestern Kansas and the prairie landscape. As we have seen, the root cause of the Palestine-Israel conflict is clear. Until now, the post-Ottoman order, fashioned by wartime exigency, imperialist ambitions, and ignorance of local identities, has survived a century of independence, revolution, and war. In North America, drought remains entrenched along the western coast as well as through New England and the Great Lakes.

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Waiting for an Ordinary Day: The Unraveling of Life in Iraq

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For example, an Italian or French partnership, like its Islamic analogue, ended with the death of any partner. Currently, the situation is hardly any better. At the outset of the Arab Spring, Jordan was already embroiled in its own economic crisis, which was then compounded by regional turmoil, not only in terms of regional violence, but also in the form of massive refugee flows into the kingdom. The two principal forms of nomadism are transhumance (vertical movement) in mountainous areas and horizontal migration.

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All American: Two Young Men, the 2001 Army-Navy Game and the

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Provisionism entails an emphasis on secur- ing steady supplies of critical commodities, usually to keep urban populations content. Oudh was a Moghul province that drifted into independence. Let our position be absolutely clear: An attempt by any outside force to gain control of the Persian Gulf region will be regarded as an assault on the vital interests of the United States of America, and such an assault will be repelled by any means necessary, including military force. —Jimmy Carter, state of the union address, Jan. 23, 1980 Middle Eastern oil has enchanted global powers and global capital since the early twentieth century.

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THE DAYS (H) (Modern Arabic Writing)

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The Israeli population has not been spared and the Palestinian population is paying an even heavier price. When the human soul is firmly established as existent, God may single it out for whatever gifts of His He wants to give it. PLO fighters streamed into Lebanon, incited tension between Muslims and Christians and turned Lebanon into a base for attacks on Israel. The source of images is indicated for each image.

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A Hundred And One Days: A Baghdad Journal

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The Middle Tennessee Treasure Hunters Club was founded in 1971 by a small group of metal-detector enthusiasts. Contesting the Saudi State: Islamic Voices from a New Generation. Enemas were given with a greased tube attached to a pigs bladder. One of the functions of Sumerian states was to define boundaries, unlike the less formal territories of precivilized villages in the region. He changed Egypt's principles from Nasser's ideals to a multi-party system and setting up a Infitah economic system.

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Letters to Talia

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This is to underscore the degree to which Afghanistan's current war (the war that began when the US and allies invaded in 2001, not the 1979 to 1989 war against the Soviets or the civil wars from 1989 to 2001) is and is not about ethnicity. The story takes place on the day of his daughter's 7th birthday, and the New York Times describes the film as "a dark urban comedy that registers outrage in glancing jabs of absurdist observation." The 'war to end all war' had not achieved its aim.

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Ottoman To Turk and Beyond: Shimmering Threads of Identity

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Below was a walled yard called a bailey where food and animals were stored. Furthermore, since many of the oppressive governments in the Middle East survive only because of Western military and/or economic support, the responsibility for local oppression has external dimensions. Unamused by this ploy, Constant had Zoticos tied and dragged by wild mules until his body fell in pieces. The data are from an analysis by the Center for Immigration Studies of the public use files of the decennial censuses (1970, 1980, and 1990), the just-released Census 2000 Supplemental Survey (C2SS), and a combined sample of the March 2000 and 2001 Current Population Survey. 2 Immigrants from the Middle East have come to the United States for at least 100 years.

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